• List of Articles


      • Open Access Article

        1 - The Effect of Self-Regulation on Academic Resiliency with Mediation of Autonomous Motivation
        Maryam Ataii بهرام صالح صدق پور Hasan  Asadzadeh Aboutaleb Seadatee Shamir
        This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between self-regulation and academic resiliency with respected to mediating role of autonomous motivation. The target population of the study comprised Tehran universities under graduate students in the academic y Full Text
        This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between self-regulation and academic resiliency with respected to mediating role of autonomous motivation. The target population of the study comprised Tehran universities under graduate students in the academic year of 1397-1398. The sample consisted of 360 students who were selected by random cluster sampling method. The instruments used in this study were: Academic motivation scale (Vallerand و colleagues, 1989), self-regulation scale (Bufard, 1995) and academic resiliency questionnaire (Martin, 2003). The research method applied to this study was casual modeling. The results revealed that self-regulation had direct effect to predict academic resiliency. Meaning that increase of self-regulation promotes resilience. In addition relationship of academic autonomous motivation is direct and negative which is the result of external motivation. This shows that non-autonomous motivation decreases academic resilience. Furthermore, autonomous motivation mediated the relationship of self-regulation with academic resiliency. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        2 - Phenomenological Study of Sedative Factors in Students University
        Mozhdeh Alizade Morad YariDehnavi
        The aim of this study was “Phenomenological study of sedative factors in students of Shahid Bahonar University”. This research is in the framework of qualitative and phenomenological research method. Based on this, 14 students of Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman were Full Text
        The aim of this study was “Phenomenological study of sedative factors in students of Shahid Bahonar University”. This research is in the framework of qualitative and phenomenological research method. Based on this, 14 students of Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman were selected through voluntary-purpose sampling method and semi-structured interviews were conducted with them. Interviews were analyzed using the colaizzi method. Findings indicate that relaxing factors according to students’ lived experiences can be divided into four main themes: interpersonal factors, intrapersonal factors, spiritual factors and environmental factors with 9 sub-themes Depressing factors can also be placed in the four main themes of reducing citizenship ethics, annoying thoughts, feelings of rejection and feelings of insecurity with 5 sub-themes. The results indicate that family and spirituality have the most fundamental role in increasing the comfort of students, and on the other hand, the reduction of citizenship ethics and the presence of annoying thoughts in the minds of students are the most important factors in depressing. However, other factors are also important in these two areas. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        3 - The Relationship between Attachment Style and Moral Identity: The Mediating Role of Empathy
        Ghasideh Hojjati zahra naghsh Mohammad Khodayarifard
        The current study aimed to investigate the relationship between attachment styles and moral identity, mediated by role of empathy. This research was a correlational study. A total 350 participants were selected by means of multistage cluster sampling among all the girl Full Text
        The current study aimed to investigate the relationship between attachment styles and moral identity, mediated by role of empathy. This research was a correlational study. A total 350 participants were selected by means of multistage cluster sampling among all the girl students of tenth grade of Hamedan city’s public schools. The data were gathered by using 3 measures: Moral Identity Scale (Aquino & Reed, 2002), The Basic Empathy Scale (Joliffe & Farrington, 2006) and Adult Attachment Questionnaire (Collins & Reed, 1996). Using correlation and path analysis with software Spss and Lisrel, the data were analyzed. The results indicate that the model had a good fit to the research’s data. The secure attachment style was a significant positive predictor of moral identity and avoidant attachment style and ambivalent attachment style, were both negative predictors of moral identity. Also secure attachment was a positive predictor of empathy and avoidant attachment was a negative predictor of empathy. And in the meantime the relationship among ambivalent attachment style and empathy was not significant. Therefore, parents will be able to create a moral identity in their children by having a secure attachment style and through empathy. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        4 - The Efficiency of Trauma Focused-Cognitive Behavioral therapy on Mood and Somatic Symptoms of Children with Interpersonal Trauma
        somaye Shahabi Vand Afrooz Afshari leila Cheragh Molaei
        The aim of present study was to evaluate the efficacy of Trauma focused cognitive behavioral therapy on mood and somatic symptoms reduction of children with history of interpersonal trauma. This was a single subject experimental study with Multiple baseline design and t Full Text
        The aim of present study was to evaluate the efficacy of Trauma focused cognitive behavioral therapy on mood and somatic symptoms reduction of children with history of interpersonal trauma. This was a single subject experimental study with Multiple baseline design and the population consist of all primary school children (boys and girls) in 2019-2020 academic year in Saghez city. 4 (9-12 years old) students with interpersonal trauma history were recruited by convenient sampling method. Child and parent forms of life incidence of traumatic events questionnaire (LITE-C & LITE-P), child and parent reports of post traumatic symptoms (CROPS, PROPS) and Takata & Sakata psychosomatic complaints scale were administered to them at baseline (A), two first, two middle and two last sessions and after completion of treatment in follow up sessions. In B experimental phase each of these 4 student, receive 14 individual treatment sessions of TF-CBT on average. Spss-25 software was used to analyze data with graphic analysis and improvement percentage as well as descriptive statistics, repeated measure variance analysis and dependent T test. Results indicated that clinical and statistical improvements were occurring in reduction of children’s mood and somatic symptoms and post-traumatic stress symptoms, which was, remain constantly in 3 weeks follow up. Hence, this treatment could reduce the mood and somatic symptoms of children with interpersonal trauma. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        5 - Explaining the Effect of Parents’ Level of Education on the Self-Concept of High School Students Based on the Mediating Role of Parent-Child Relationship Quality
        Arezoosadat Malaknia Kianoosh Hashemian Khadijeh abolmaalialhoseyni
        In order to explain the mediating role of the quality of parent-child relationship between parents’ education on the self-concept of 391 students (195 girls and 195 boys), the statistical population of high school students in Tehran were selected by multi-stage cluster Full Text
        In order to explain the mediating role of the quality of parent-child relationship between parents’ education on the self-concept of 391 students (195 girls and 195 boys), the statistical population of high school students in Tehran were selected by multi-stage cluster sampling. The study answered a questionnaire consisting of socioeconomic status, parent-child relationship assessment questionnaire and self-concept questionnaire. In this Peugeot hash, structural equation modeling method was used to analyze the data. The results showed that the total effect of father education (p<0.05, β =0.163) and mother education (p<0.05, β= 0.270) on children’s self-concept was positive and significant. The direct level of father education (p<0.01, β= 0.069) on children ‘s self-concept is positive and significant. Also, the effect of father-child relationship quality (p<0.01, β = 0.310) and mother-child relationship quality - Child (p<0.01, β= 0.163) has a positive and significant effect on the self-concept of children. Indirect effect of father’s education (p<0.01, β= 0.069) as opposed to indirect effect of mother’s education on self-concept Children are positive and significant at the level of 0.01, and the quality of the father-child relationship, unlike the quality of the mother-child relationship, mediates the effect of education on students’ self-concept. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        6 - Attachment Style, Mindfulness Eating, Mother Beliefs with Child Emotional Eating: Mediating Role of Child Emotion Regulation
        mahdieh  sarshar shirin zeinali
        Objective child eating problems, as one of the important factors that affect the development and performance of the person, is affected by many environmental and relational factors including mother psychological component and child emotion regulation. The main purpose o Full Text
        Objective child eating problems, as one of the important factors that affect the development and performance of the person, is affected by many environmental and relational factors including mother psychological component and child emotion regulation. The main purpose of this study was to develop the modelling of child emotional eating based on attachment style, mindfulness eating, and mother beliefs with mediating role of child emotion regulation. Method: The participants of this study were 250, 11-12 year students (100 male and 150 female) studding in Urmia schools with their mothers. Mothers completed the attachment style, mindfulness eating and mother beliefs questionnaires and children completed emotional eating and emotion regulation questionnaires. Results: The results of the data analysis with SPSS and Lisrel revealed that due to attachment style, mindfulness eating, mother beliefs and child emotion regulation can significantly predict child emotional eating. The Root Mean Square Error of Approximation (RMSEA = 0.016) and the Comparative Fit Index (CFI = 0.95) were optimal. Conclusion: This model determines that mother and child components affected child emotional eating and these elements should be taken into consideration in dealing with the causes and treating child emotional eating. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        7 - The Mediating Role of Family Functioning in the Relationship between Resilience and Inferiority
        ayyob saqqezi Hamideh  Yazdani Esfidvajani neda fazlali mohsen golmohammadian
        Feelings of inferiority are important concepts in measuring overall health that can always be affected by individual and family factors . The propose of this study the mediating role of family functioning to resilience and of inferiority.The purpose of this study was fu Full Text
        Feelings of inferiority are important concepts in measuring overall health that can always be affected by individual and family factors . The propose of this study the mediating role of family functioning to resilience and of inferiority.The purpose of this study was fundamental and in terms of descriptive method of structural equation modeling. The statistical population consisted of all Razi University . Using available sampling 200 people were selected as the statistical sample. In order to collect data using the Inferiority scale(IS),Conner and Davidson Resiliency Questionnaire (CD-RIS) and family Assessment device-Interve (FDA-I). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics (frequency, mean and standard deviation) by Pearson correlation coefficient and structural equation modeling using SPSS-25 and AMOS-24 software. The results showed that direct paths resilience to inferiority, resilience to Family function, Family function to inferiority, and indirect pathways to resilience to inferiority were mediating by Family function, significant(p<0/10). The results of this study emphasize the importance of mediating role of Family function in Relation between resilience and inferiority. Can be hopeful by provide training based on strengthening family functioning modulates the harms of lack of resilience and reduces feelings of inferiority. Manuscript Document