• Home
  • Ali Fathi-Ashtiani
    • List of Articles Ali Fathi-Ashtiani

      • Open Access Article

        1 - The Effect of Metacognition Processing on Brain Regional Activity with Regard to Anxiety and Impulsivity
        Mahnaz Shahgholian Parviz Azadfallah Ali Fathi-Ashtiani
        The aim of study was to examine the brain regional activity based on anxiety and impulsivity during meta-cognitive processing. Six hundred female students in Tarbiat Modares University completed the Meta-cognition Questionnaire, Cognitive Failures Questionnaire and Rev Full Text
        The aim of study was to examine the brain regional activity based on anxiety and impulsivity during meta-cognitive processing. Six hundred female students in Tarbiat Modares University completed the Meta-cognition Questionnaire, Cognitive Failures Questionnaire and Revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire. According to scores in extraversion and neuroticism dimensions, 4 groups including Anx+, Anx-, Imp+ and Imp- (each group 15 subjects) were selected. EEG was recorded during 4 conditions including rest, performing the Stroop, performing the Wisconsin and performing the Attention Training Technique. The results showed that meta-cognitive processing in Anx- was better than Anx+. Better quality of meta-cognitive processing in Imp- than Imp+ was not shown. Other findings suggested that when meta-cognitive processing, Anx+ was higher than Anx- in the activity of right pre-frontal and frontal of both hemispheres, also Imp+ was higher in the activity of pre-frontal and frontal of both hemispheres than Imp-. In general, this study highlighted the role of executive functions in meta-cognitive processing, discusses the relationship among meta-cognitive processing, anxiety, impulsivity and brain regional activities. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        2 - Psychologists' Professional Codes of Ethics in Iran, America, Canada, England, and Australia
        Behnaz Dowran Ali Fathi-Ashtiani
        the present study compares psychologists' professional Codes of Ethics in Iran, America, Canada, England, and Australia. The study population consisted of all countries with professional Codes of Ethics, of which, America, Canada, Britain, Australia, and Iran were purpo Full Text
        the present study compares psychologists' professional Codes of Ethics in Iran, America, Canada, England, and Australia. The study population consisted of all countries with professional Codes of Ethics, of which, America, Canada, Britain, Australia, and Iran were purposively selected due to their progressiveness in the development of professional Codes of Ethics, and their ethical principles and standards were compared. The results obtained showed that with the exception of Iran and America, all codes studied had defined the basic concepts and terminologies after introduction. In addition, they all contained two main sections, namely, general principles and standards. The general principles were almost the same and common in these codes, and included respect for people's dignity, accountability, integrity, no discrimination or injustice, philanthropy, and avoidance of harm. The ethical standards in Iran’s and America's codes appear independently from the general principles. Meanwhile, the standards are presented under relevant ethical principles in the Australian, Canadian, and British codes. Iran's standards of ethical codes almost exactly match those of America's, and the only difference is in the order of presenting standards of "Accountability" and "Storing registered information and fees" and the extent of explanations and details. According to the present study, the following changes can contribute to a greater understanding and practicability of Iran's Code of Ethics: Providing definitions and explanations for specialized terminologies and general principles, adding more details to standards and considering local culture and religion. Manuscript Document